The original seven streets were laid out in an H shape: Bank Street (now Water Street), Castle Street, Chapel Street, Dale Street, Juggler Street (now High Street), Moor Street (now Tithebarn Street) and Whiteacre Street (now Old Hall Street).
Liverpool is the principal city within the Liverpool City Region.
Liverpool sits on the eastern side of the Mersey Estuary and historically lay within the ancient hundred of West Derby in the south west of the county of Lancashire.
It became a borough from 1207 and a city from 1880.
In 1889, it became a county borough, independent of Lancashire.
The expansion of the city in the Industrial Revolution parallelled its growth as a major port, and it was a centre of the Atlantic slave trade.
Liverpool was the port of registry of the ocean liner RMS Titanic, and many other Cunard and White Star ocean liners such as the RMS Lusitania, Queen Mary, and Olympic.The city celebrated its 800th anniversary in 2007, and it held the European Capital of Culture title together with Stavanger, Norway, in 2008.Tourism forms a significant part of the city's economy.Labelled the "World Capital City of Pop" by Guinness World Records, the popularity of The Beatles and other groups from the Merseybeat era and later contributes to Liverpool's status as a tourist destination.Liverpool is also the home of two Premier League football clubs, Liverpool and Everton, matches between the two being known as the Merseyside derby.The world-famous Grand National horse race takes place annually at Aintree Racecourse on the outskirts of the city.