A woman can get pregnant if a man’s sperm reaches one of her eggs (ova).Contraception tries to stop this happening by keeping the egg and sperm apart or by stopping egg production. There are two types of condoms: male condoms, which are worn on the penis, and female condoms, which are worn inside the vagina.This page is about male condoms, where you can get them and how they work.
When condoms are used correctly during vaginal sex, they help to protect against pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
When used correctly during anal and oral sex, they help to protect against STIs.
Condoms are the only contraception that protect against pregnancy and STIs. They stop sperm from reaching an egg by creating a physical barrier between them.
Condoms can also protect against STIs if used correctly during vaginal, anal and oral sex.
However, other forms of contraception will not protect you against STIs.
You will still be at risk of STIs if the condom breaks.Condoms come ready lubricated to make them easier to use, but you may also like to use additional lubricant, or lube.This is particularly advised for anal sex, to reduce the chance of the condom splitting.It's important that the man's penis does not make contact with the woman's vagina before a condom has been put on. These condoms are slowly being phased out, as research has found that a spermicide called nonoxynol 9 does not protect against STIs such as chlamydia and HIV, and may even increase the risk of infection.This is because semen can come out of the penis before a man has fully ejaculated (come). It is best to avoid using spermicide-lubricated condoms, or spermicide as an additional lubricant. There are many different varieties and brands of male condom, and it's up to you and your partner which type of condom you use.If this happens, or if semen leaks into the vagina while using a condom, seek advice about emergency contraception from your GP or contraception clinic. However, condoms may not be the most suitable method of contraception for everyone.