The current system is based on a few principles, rather than an extensive list of specific rules.While the handbook still gives examples of how to cite sources, it is organized according to the process of documentation, rather than by the sources themselves.This process teaches writers a flexible method that is universally applicable.
Here is an overview of the process: When deciding how to cite your source, start by consulting the list of core elements.These are the general pieces of information that MLA suggests including in each Works Cited entry.In your citation, the elements should be listed in the following order: Each element should be followed by the punctuation mark shown here.Earlier editions of the handbook included the place of publication, and required punctuation such as journal editions in parentheses, and colons after issue numbers.In the current version, punctuation is simpler (just commas and periods separate the elements), and information about the source is kept to the basics.
Begin the entry with the author’s last name, followed by a comma and the rest of the name, as presented in the work. *The eighth edition handbook recommends including URLs when citing online sources.
For more information, see the “Optional Elements” section below.
Unlike earlier versions, the eighth edition refers to containers, which are the larger wholes in which the source is located.
ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page.
Contributors: Tony Russell, Allen Brizee, Elizabeth Angeli, Russell Keck, Joshua M.
Paiz, Michelle Campbell, Rodrigo Rodrguez-Fuentes, Daniel P.