This makes it the fifth largest subnational entity (or administrative division) in the world.
Nunavut's highest point is Barbeau Peak (2,616 m (8,583 ft)) on Ellesmere Island.
The population density is 0.015 persons/km Nunavut experiences a polar climate in most regions, owing to its high latitude and lower continental summertime influence than areas to the west.
In more southerly continental areas very cold subarctic climates can be found, due to July being slightly milder than the required 10 °C (50 °F).
The region now known as Nunavut has supported a continuous indigenous population for approximately 4,000 years.
Most historians identify the coast of Baffin Island with the Helluland described in Norse sagas, so it is possible that the inhabitants of the region had occasional contact with Norse sailors.
In September 2008, researchers reported on the evaluation of existing and newly excavated archaeological remains, including yarn spun from a hare, rats, tally sticks, a carved wooden face mask that depicts Caucasian features, and possible architectural material.
The materials were collected in five seasons of excavation at Cape Tanfield.
Scholars determined that these provide evidence of European traders and possibly settlers on Baffin Island, not later than 1000 CE (and thus older than or contemporaneous with L'Anse aux Meadows).
though the boundaries had been contemplatively drawn in 1993.
The creation of Nunavut resulted in the first major change to Canada's political map since the incorporation of the province of Newfoundland and Labrador in 1949.
Nunavut comprises a major portion of Northern Canada, and most of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.