A zoonotic disease or zoonosis (plural is zoonoses) is any disease of animals that can be transmitted to people.This list includes some zoonotic diseases and related topics that affect people in Washington State.For brochures, reports, and other handouts, see our animal and vectorborne disease publications.
Anthrax is caused by a spore-forming bacteria and most commonly occurs in wild and domestic herbivore mammals.It's rare to find infected animals in the United States.People can become infected with anthrax by handling products from infected animals or by breathing in anthrax spores from infected animal products such as wool, hides, leather, or hair.Rare cases of inhalational, cutaneous (skin), and gastrointestinal anthrax have been connected to contaminated imported animal hide drums.Gastrointestinal anthrax can occur after eating undercooked meat from infected animals. This occurred in the United States in 2001 when letters containing anthrax spores were sent through the postal system.
Arbovirus, short for arthropod-borne virus, is a name given to viruses that are transmitted by arthropods.
Mosquitoes are the most common vectors of arboviral diseases such as West Nile virus in Washington.
Avian influenza (bird flu) refers to the disease caused by avian influenza A viruses.
These viruses occur naturally among wild waterbirds, and can infect poultry and other birds and animals.
On rare occasions avian influenza viruses can infect people causing illness.
Usually this has happened to people who have had direct or close contact with infected poultry.