Africa has 17 sites on the danger list, accounting for 13% of all African sites and 35% of the 48 endangered sites worldwide.
The Democratic Republic of Congo has 5 sites on the danger list, the second highest of any country in the world and one of only two countries to have more than three sites inscribed. The list also comprises a number of sites for which the state party is outside the continent, but the site itself is located in Africa; three such sites are located on the Canary Islands (belonging to Spain), one on Madeira (belonging to Portugal), one on Réunion (belonging to France), and one on the Tristan da Cunha archipelago (belonging to the United Kingdom).
Between 18, almost half a million contracted workers passed through Port Louis from India, either to work in Mauritius or to transfer to other British colonies.The ruins of the former Christian holy city contain a church, a baptistery, basilicas, public buildings, streets, monasteries, houses, and workshops, and were built over the tomb of Menas of Alexandria.The natural reserve was placed on UNESCO's List of World Heritage in Danger in 1992, due to the increase in military conflicts and the hostage-taking of six reserve staff in February.Removal from this list was considered in 1999, but as of 2011, its position remains unchanged.Ethiopia and Morocco are home to the most with nine sites; followed by Tunisia and South Africa at eight sites; and Algeria, Egypt, Senegal, and Tanzania at seven. Four sites are shared between two countries: Maloti-Drakensberg Park (Lesotho and South Africa), the Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve (Côte d'Ivoire and Guinea), the Stone Circles of Senegambia (the Gambia and Senegal), and the Mosi-oa-Tunya / Victoria Falls (Zambia and Zimbabwe).
One site is shared among three countries, Sangha Trinational (Central African Republic, Cameroon and Congo).As of September 2011, Somalia has no official World Heritage sites since the Somali government is not party to the 1972 World Heritage Convention.However, there are around a dozen archaeological sites in the country that are believed to be potential future candidates for World Heritage status.Each year, UNESCO's World Heritage Committee may inscribe new sites on the list, or delist sites that no longer meet the criteria.Selection is based on ten criteria: six for cultural heritage (i–vi) and four for natural heritage (vii–x).Several efforts have been devoted to increasing the number of sites and preserving the heritage of existing sites on the continent; for example, on , the African World Heritage Fund was launched by UNESCO to target the region of Sub-Saharan Africa.